Sexual harassment in the workplace is illegal. Sexual harassment can include sexual advances, sexual messages, and sexual comments from co-workers, supervisors, managers, employers, and business associates. Federal, state, and local laws prohibit any type of sexual harassment in the form of physical acts, verbal comments, electronic sexual harassment, retaliation, or any other kind of unwanted sexual advances. Sexual harassment does not have to occur at the workplace to be illegal. It can happen in a client’s office or at an off-site company-sponsored event. Sexual harassment can also occur online.
Quid Pro Quo and Hostile Work Environment Harassment
There are two main types of sexual harassment in New York City. The first type of sexual harassment is called quid pro quo, or “this for that” sexual harassment. This type of sexual harassment occurs when an employer or manager offers advancement and employment in exchange for the employee engaging in sexual favors.
Conversely, quid pro quo sexual harassment can involve an employer or manager threatening to demote or fire the employee if he or she does not engage in sexual activity. The second type of sexual harassment involves a hostile work environment. a hostile work environment happens when an employee receives unwelcome sexual attention or comments.
Online Sexual Harassment in New York City
More people than ever are working from home. Unfortunately, sexual harassment does not stop just because an employee is working from home. Virtual sexual harassment occurs in many online work environments. Online sexual harassment can include sexting, cyberstalking, or sending inappropriate images, text, or videos. Online sexual harassment can also involve sharing sexually explicit emails, displaying sexual photos or videos during conference calls, taking photos, or saving videos of online meetings and images.
Filing a Sexual Harassment Claim in New York City
New York State and New York City have some of the most strict sexual harassment laws in the country. New York City employees who have experienced unlawful sexual harassment can file a federal claim against their employer through the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Employees can also file a sexual harassment claim through the New York City or New York State Human Rights Commission. The commission will investigate the claim and give the employee permission to file a claim in the New York state court.
Speaking with an experienced New York City sexual harassment lawyer is essential. At Pulvers Thompson, we will carefully listen to you and advise you of your legal options. We will help you ensure that you file your claim in time. There are statutes of limitations for filing sexual harassment claims. For example, you only have 300 days to file a sexual harassment claim through the EEOC. If you file a claim through the New York City Human Rights Commission, you have three years. You do not want to lose the opportunity to file a sexual harassment claim, and speaking to a lawyer as soon as possible is important.